What is LEGAL AID? What does LEGAL AID mean? LEGAL AID meaning, definition & explanation

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What is LEGAL AID? What does LEGAL AID mean? LEGAL AID meaning, definition & explanation – LEGAL AID definition – LEGAL AID explanation.

Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license.

Legal aid is the provision of assistance to people otherwise unable to afford legal representation and access to the court system. Legal aid is regarded as central in providing access to justice by ensuring equality before the law, the right to counsel and the right to a fair trial. This article describes the development of legal aid and its principles, primarily as known in Europe, the Commonwealth of Nations and the United States.

A number of delivery models for legal aid have emerged, including duty lawyers, community legal clinics and the payment of lawyers to deal with cases for individuals who are entitled to legal aid.

Legal aid is essential to guaranteeing equal access to justice for all, as provided for by Article 6.3 of the European Convention on Human Rights regarding criminal law cases. Especially for citizens who do not have sufficient financial means, the provision of legal aid to clients by governments will increase the likelihood, within court proceedings, of being assisted by legal professionals for free (or at a lower cost) or of receiving financial aid.

Legal aid has a close relationship with the welfare state, and the provision of legal aid by a state is influenced by attitudes towards welfare. Legal aid is a welfare provision by the state to people who could otherwise not afford counsel from the legal system. Legal aid also helps to ensure that welfare provisions are enforced by providing people entitled to welfare provisions, such as social housing, with access to legal advice and the courts.

Historically legal aid has played a strong role in ensuring respect for economic, social and cultural rights which are engaged in relation to social security, housing, social care, health and education service provision, which may be provided publicly or privately, as well as employment law and anti-discrimination legislation. Jurists such as Mauro Cappelletti argue that legal aid is essential in providing individuals with access to justice, by allowing the individual legal enforcement of economic, social and cultural rights. His views developed in the second half of the 20th century, when democracies with capitalist economies established liberal welfare states that focused on the individual. States acted as contractors and service providers within a market-based philosophy that emphasised the citizen as consumer. This led to an emphasis on individual enforcement to achieve the realisation of rights for all.

Prior to the mid-20th century, literature on legal aid emphasised collective enforcement of economic, social and cultural rights. As classic welfare states were built in the 1940s and following World War II, an underlying principle was that citizens had collective responsibility for economic, social and cultural rights; and the state assumed responsibility for those unable to provide for themselves through illness and unemployment. The enforcement of economic, social and cultural rights was to be collective, through policies rather than individual legal action. Laws were enacted to support welfare provisions, though these were regarded as laws for planners, not lawyers. Legal aid schemes were established, as it was assumed that the state had a responsibility to assist those engaged in legal disputes, but they initially focused primarily on family law and divorce.
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3 thoughts on “What is LEGAL AID? What does LEGAL AID mean? LEGAL AID meaning, definition & explanation”

  1. Legal aid and public defenders …. useless worthless attorney's that will wipe their hands off the client's a public defender could careless the only thing a public defender will do is scare and brain wash their client's into a plea bargain public defenders them self's will get you falsely accused and sentenced to death row prison for life … More than 90 percent of public defenders do not know the law Rights or will they even go out of their way to speak up to the judge or call for an investigation or try to prove your not guilty as you might be instead public defenders will scare brain wash you and wipe their White workless by girl hands off with their clients … oH yes !!! Public defenders useless worthless crooked lier's money making …..70 percent or more of innocent people in prison jail's death row falsely accused brain washed into place bargain…. The American judicial system of criminals in higher authority allowing police pigs and public defenders and judge's and many others in higher authority criminals in higher authority is exactly what the whole judicial system of criminals in America is….it's a Dam Dam shame disgrace just how billions of innocent people falsely accused brain washed by public defender's police pigs judge's attorney's and many others in higher authority this one's in higher authority are America's most evil power trip cocky bully Lier's covering for each other's crime's crime's committed by police and higher authority ….yet this criminals in higher authority blaming the poor the mentally ill the homeless the vulnerable…… enough enough enough…time we all the people take the law into our own hands because the judicial system of criminals in America are the most evil murderous lier's covering the billions of crime's committed by police pigs and higher authority carry a shotgun at all times people we must protect our kids and loved ones from America's most evil judicial system of criminals in higher authority….

  2. I'm been married in Kuwait with a Nepalese,I want to know if it is legal or what?
    Because my husband didn't give support to my daughter,he told if I still post his photo in fb he post my sexy photos in all multi media account
    I want to know my rights,for the sake of my daughter

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