Types of Traffic Tickets
If you’re someone who drives, it’s important for you to know what actions can result in a traffic ticket. While most traffic offenses are infractions, which are minor crimes, they can still have negative consequences. Traffic violations can result in expensive tickets, higher insurance rates, and possibly suspension of your driver’s license. Some traffic violations can even result in a misdemeanor or felony charges. FindLaw’s section on Types of Traffic Tickets offers general information for the most common traffic laws and violations. Since each state has its own traffic rules, this section also provides links to state laws for various violations when the law is available.
Whether you’re late for an appointment or just eager to get to where you’re going, chances are that you’ve driven over the posted speed limit. For this reason, speeding is one of the most common reasons for a traffic ticket. There are actually three types of speeding limits: absolute, presumed, and basic.
An absolute speed limit is the most common type of speed law. An example of an absolute speed limit is when a sign states that the speed limit is 65 mph. Under this type of speed limit, a person who goes even 1 mph over the posted speed limit has violated the law.
A presumed speed limit is a system that’s only used in certain states, such as California and Texas. This system allows people to legally drive over the speed limit as long as they drive safely. For example, if a person drives 40 mph in a 35 mph zone, the driver is “presumed” to be violating the speed law. However, the judge could acquit the driver if he or she is able to convince the judge that the driving conditions made driving over the speed limit safe.
Finally, the basic speed theory states that you can violate the basic speed law even if you drive at the posted speed limit. In this situation, an officer can decide that driving the speed limit is unsafe given the driving conditions. For example, if it’s raining heavily it can be unsafe to drive 65 mph, even if that’s the speed limit.
Leaving the Scene of an Accident
One of the more serious traffic offenses is leaving the scene of an accident, also known as a hit and run. Generally speaking, the law requires that people involved in an accident pull over when it’s safe to do so and exchange contact or insurance information. While the procedures after an accident vary from state to state, they are usually based on what type of damage occurred.
If a person hits an unattended car or stationary property, most states usually require that the driver leave a note with his or her contact information. If there are injuries involved, drivers usually have a duty to take reasonable steps to help the injured person, and report the accident to the police. A person who doesn’t follow the proper procedures after an accident can receive a traffic ticket at minimum. If a driver leaves the scene of an accident where an injury or death occurred, it can result in serious criminal charges, including a possible felony charge.
Hiring a Lawyer
Usually a simple traffic ticket doesn’t require help from an attorney. However, if you have questions or feel that your situation is complicated, you might want to contact a traffic ticket attorney. If you’ve been charged with a more serious traffic violation, it’s in you best interest to contact a criminal defense attorney.
Learn About Types of Traffic Tickets
Types of Traffic Tickets Articles
- Bicycle Laws
- Distracted Driving
- Distracted Driving and Texting While Driving
- Driving Without Valid / Sufficient Insurance
- Driving Without Valid / Sufficient Insurance: State Laws
- Driving Without Valid Vehicle Registration
- Driving Without Valid Vehicle Registration: State Laws
- Driving Without a License
- Driving Without a Valid Driver’s License
- Driving Without a Valid Driver’s License: State Laws
- Illegal U-Turn
- Illegal U-Turn: State Laws
- Is Passing a Stopped School Bus Illegal?
- Leaving the Scene of an Accident/Hit and Run
- Leaving the Scene of an Accident/Hit and Run: State Laws
- License Plate Light Tickets
- Mechanical Violations
- Mechanical Violations: State Laws
- Neon “Underglow” Lighting Laws
- Reckless Driving
- Reckless Driving: State Laws
- Running a Red Light / Stop Sign
- Running a Red Light / Stop Sign: State Laws
- Seat Belt and Child Restraint Violations
- Seat Belt and Child Restraint Violations: State Laws
- Skateboarding Laws
- Speeding: State Laws
- Texting While Driving
- Unlawful Vehicle Modifications
- Unlawful Vehicle Modifications: State Laws
- Window Tint Laws : The Basics
- Window Tint Laws: State-Specific Information
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Hannibal (/ˈhænɪbəl/; Punic: 𐤇𐤍𐤁𐤏𐤋𐤟𐤁𐤓𐤒, BRQ ḤNBʿL; 247 – between 183 and 181 BC) was a Carthaginian general and statesman who commanded Carthage’s main army against Rome during the Second Punic War (218–201 BC). He is widely considered one of the greatest military commanders in world history. His father, Hamilcar Barca, was a leading Carthaginian commander during the First Punic War (264–241 BC). His younger brothers were Mago and Hasdrubal, and he was brother-in-law to Hasdrubal the Fair; all also commanded Carthaginian armies.
Hannibal lived during a period of great tension in the western Mediterranean Basin, triggered by the emergence of the Roman Republic as a great power after it had established its supremacy over Italy. Although Rome had won the First Punic War, revanchism prevailed in Carthage, symbolised by the alleged pledge that Hannibal made to his father never to be a friend of Rome. The Second Punic War broke out in 218 after Hannibal’s attack on Saguntum, an ally of Rome in Hispania. He then made his famous military exploit of carrying war to Italy by crossing the Alps with his African elephants. In his first few years in Italy, he won a succession of dramatic victories at the Trebia, Lake Trasimene, and Cannae. He distinguished himself for his ability to determine his and his opponent’s respective strengths and weaknesses, and to plan battles accordingly. Hannibal’s well-planned strategies allowed him to conquer several Italian cities allied to Rome. Hannibal occupied most of southern Italy for 15 years, but could not win a decisive victory, as the Romans led by Fabius Maximus avoided confrontation with him, instead waging a war of attrition. A counter-invasion of North Africa led by Scipio Africanus forced him to return to Carthage. Scipio eventually defeated Hannibal at the Battle of Zama, having previously driven Hannibal’s brother Hasdrubal out of the Iberian Peninsula.
After the war, Hannibal successfully ran for the office of sufet. He enacted political and financial reforms to enable the payment of the war indemnity imposed by Rome; however, those reforms were unpopular with members of the Carthaginian aristocracy and in Rome, and he fled into voluntary exile. During this time, he lived at the Seleucid court, where he acted as military advisor to Antiochus III the Great in his war against Rome. Antiochus met defeat at the Battle of Magnesia and was forced to accept Rome’s terms, and Hannibal fled again, making a stop in the Kingdom of Armenia. His flight ended in the court of Bithynia. He was afterwards betrayed to the Romans and committed suicide by poisoning himself.
Hannibal is often regarded as one of the greatest military tacticians in history and one of the greatest generals of Mediterranean antiquity, together with Philip of Macedon, Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, Scipio Africanus and Pyrrhus. Plutarch states that Scipio supposedly asked Hannibal “who the greatest general was”, to which Hannibal replied “either Alexander or Pyrrhus, then himself”. Military historian Theodore Ayrault Dodge called Hannibal the “father of strategy”, because Roman armies adopted elements of his military tactics into their own strategic arsenal.
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