what is dissolution in family law – Apex

what is dissolution in family law

Types of Cases

Learn about the different types of cases heard at family court, and how they are different from cases heard in general civil or criminal court.

Criminal Cases

Criminal cases involve enforcing public codes of behavior, which are codified in the laws of the state. In criminal cases, the government prosecutes individuals for violating those laws (in other words, for allegedly committing a crime). Punishment in criminal cases can include fines, community service, probation, prison, and the like.

CAUTION!

The Family Law Self-Help Center does not provide information or forms for criminal cases. You should not use the information on this website if you are involved in a criminal matter. To learn more about criminal matters, visit your local law library. Visit our Law Library page to learn more.

Civil Cases

Civil cases involve conflicts between people or institutions such as businesses, typically over money. Civil cases include lawsuits for money, landlord/tenant matters, breach of contract claims, and cases where one person is trying to make someone else do something (for example, sell some property) or stop doing something (for example, stop a foreclosure).

If you need information or forms for a general civil case, you can contact the Civil Law Self-Help Center online or by visiting the center in person on the first floor of the Regional Justice Center.

Family Cases

Family cases are a type of civil case, but they generally involve issues between or concerning spouses, parents, and children.

Family courts handle a wide variety of cases involving domestic matters. The most common issues handled at family court include:

  • Marriage Dissolution. When someone wants to end a marriage, they can file a case at family court to ask for a court order ending the marriage. Marriages can be terminated through divorce or annulment cases. The court can also grant a separation, where the court issues orders regarding property, alimony, and child custody, but the parties remain legally married. You can find more information on the DivorceAnnulment, or Separation sections of this site.
  • Paternity and Child Custody. When a man needs to be declared the father of a child, either parent can file a case asking the family court to determine paternity. This permanently establishes the father of the child. Unmarried parents can also ask the court to order legal custody, physical custody, visitation schedules, and child support. You can find more information about these types of cases on the Custody, Paternity, & Child Support section of this website.
  • Protection Orders Against Domestic Violence. Victims of domestic violence can ask the family court to issue protection orders to keep their abuser away. Please visit the DV Protection Orders for more information.
  • Name Changes. A child or an adult may be able to legally change their name through a name change case at family court. Please visit the Name Change section for more information.
  • Guardianship. Guardianship involves determining who will be responsible for the medical, personal, and financial decisions over a child or an adult who cannot care for themself. More information can be found on the Guardianship section of this website.
  • Termination of Parental Rights and Adoptions. If there are serious reasons why a parent should no longer have a parental relationship with a child (such as abandonment, neglect, abuse, etc.), the family court may terminate that parent’s rights. If someone else wants to become a child’s legal parent, the family court can grant an adoption where the parent-child relationship is legally created. More information is located on the Adoptions and Terminating Parental Rights section of this website.
  • Juvenile Matters. Family court oversees all matters where there are allegations of child abuse, child neglect, or where minors are accused of participating in illegal behavior. These matters are largely handled by the District Attorney Juvenile Division. The family court can also approve work permits for minors under the age of 14. Visit Juvenile Work Permits for more information about this.
  • Emancipation and Approval of Underage Marriages. Those under the age of 18 who wish to marry or want to be “emancipated” (meaning, being legally free from the control of their parents) can petition the family court for approval. The Self-Help Center does not have forms for approval of underage marriages, but does have information about emancipation in the Emancipation section of this website.

what is dissolution in family law

what is dissolution in family law

Averett Family Law
%business_name

4 reviews

Divorce & Family Law, Estate Planning Law, Personal Injury Law
+19199039442
50101 Governor’s Dr, Ste 150, Chapel Hill, NC 27517
Shea B Maliszewski
%business_name

1 review

Estate Planning Law, Divorce & Family Law
+19194676700
111 Commonwealth Court, Ste 101, Cary, NC 27511
Law Offices of Kathleen Murphy
%business_name

4 reviews

Divorce & Family Law
+19198321955
16 W Martin St, Ste 608, Raleigh, NC 27601
Wake Law Office
%business_name

1 review

Employment Law, Divorce & Family Law, General Litigation
+19196565887
280 Towerview Ct, Cary, NC 27513
Charles R. Ullman & Associates
%business_name

3 reviews

Divorce & Family Law
+19198291006
109 S Bloodworth St, Raleigh, NC 27601
Tharrington Smith
%business_name

3 reviews

Divorce & Family Law, General Litigation, Criminal Defense Law
+19198214711
150 Fayetteville St, Ste 1800, Raleigh, NC 27601
NicholsonPham Attorneys at Law
%business_name

4 reviews

Criminal Defense Law, Divorce & Family Law, Business Law
+19198834900
113 Broadway St, Durham, NC 27701
The Hart Law Firm
%business_name

4 reviews

Divorce & Family Law, Wills, Trusts, & Probates, Personal Injury Law
+19194605422
1143-B Executive Cir, Ste 101, Cary, NC 27511
Allen and Spence
%business_name

3 reviews

Divorce & Family Law, Estate Planning Law
+19198634183
3737 Glenwood Ave, Ste 100, Raleigh, NC 27612
Rojas Legal
%business_name

1 review

Divorce & Family Law, Criminal Defense Law, General Litigation
+19192103624
5530 Munford Rd, Ste 111, Raleigh, NC 27612

Law Offices of Kathleen Murphy
%business_name

4 reviews

Divorce & Family Law
+19198321955
16 W Martin St, Ste 608, Raleigh, NC 27601
Averett Family Law
%business_name

4 reviews

Divorce & Family Law, Estate Planning Law, Personal Injury Law
+19199039442
50101 Governor’s Dr, Ste 150, Chapel Hill, NC 27517
Kurtz & Blum
%business_name

6 reviews

Divorce & Family Law, Criminal Defense Law, DUI Law
+19198327700
434 Fayetteville St, Ste 710, Raleigh, NC 27601
Marshall & Taylor
%business_name

5 reviews

Divorce & Family Law
+19198331040
221 Glenwood Ave, Raleigh, NC 27603
Hatch Little Bunn
%business_name

3 reviews

Divorce & Family Law, Criminal Defense Law, General Litigation
+19198563940
2626 Glenwood Ave, Ste 550, Raleigh, NC 27608
Wake Law Office
%business_name

1 review

Employment Law, Divorce & Family Law, General Litigation
+19196565887
280 Towerview Ct, Cary, NC 27513
New Direction Family Law
%business_name

2 reviews

Divorce & Family Law
+19197193470
1620 Hillsborough St, Ste 200, Raleigh, NC 27605
The Law Office of Cheri Patrick
%business_name

2 reviews

Divorce & Family Law
+19199567171
3500 Westgate Dr, Ste 701, Durham, NC 27707
NicholsonPham Attorneys at Law
%business_name

4 reviews

Criminal Defense Law, Divorce & Family Law, Business Law
+19198834900
113 Broadway St, Durham, NC 27701
Adrian Davis Law Office
%business_name

2 reviews

Divorce & Family Law
+19197552274
3737 Glenwood Ave, Ste 370, Raleigh, NC 27612