Driving under the influence of alcohol can carry severe consequences, and it can be difficult to navigate the legal process without some guidance and understanding of the different offenses.
Here, we discuss different types of DUIs, and break down how different offenses may or may not affect you.
Misdemeanor vs. felony DUI
The majority of offenders will only face a misdemeanor, especially if it is their first offense. A misdemeanor could lead to punishments of varying lengths and fines (see below for more detail), such as jail time. The consequence will usually match the level of offense. Often, a misdemeanor offense does not mean the loss of civil rights, such as the right to vote, to serve on a jury, or to practice certain professions such as law or being a teacher.
A DUI felony arises if, for example, an offender’s drunk driving results in an accident with another vehicle, property, or person. This usually means a sentence of one year or more to be served in prison in addition to paying fines appropriate to the severity of the crime. Restitution could also be sought for victims of the accident.
A typical drunk driving offense could also automatically become a felony charge if the driver committed an illegal act, neglected a responsibility while driving, or caused bodily harm to another person. In some states, a third DUI offense could automatically be classified as a felony, even if there is no negligence or human injury involved.
DUI alcohol vs. drugged driving
While we have covered DUI alcohol offenses, it may be useful to understand the differences between a DUI alcohol offense and a drug offense. A person is considered guilty of driving while under the influence of any drug if they are found guilty of being under its influence at the time of arrest. They can also be found guilty of drugged driving if found intoxicated by both liquor and drugs at the time of arrest.
However, it is not as easy to test for driving under the influence of drugs on the spot, especially in comparison to a DUI. Though laws vary per state, authorities are more likely to prosecute a driver under the grounds of “impairment.” This means that the driver must be impaired by a particular substance and unable to drive safely in order to be found guilty of a DUID, or driving under the influence of drugs. It must be proven that a driver was actually impaired behind the wheel. This definition and level of “impairment” can sometimes be left up to the discretion of police and prosecutors.
Different level of offenses
For most people who are issued a DUI, it is usually their first offense. However, consequences increase if you incur more than one DUI offense:
First offense: A first offense DUI is usually just a misdemeanor offense. Depending on the state you live in and your blood alcohol content (BAC) at the time of arrest, the penalties you face could vary and could include jail time, or a fine that could be anywhere from $150 to $5,000. The penalty could also include some schooling, such as instructional abuse treatment and correction.
Second offense: A second DUI offense, again, varies per state, but usually sees harsher variations of the penalties found in one’s first offense. Your BAC will play more of a determining factor during the second offense. If you had a prior offense within the last seven years and are convicted of another DUI, you face possible license revocation for two years if your BAC was less than 0.15%. You also face the same consequences if there are no conclusive test results. If you decide to refuse testing, then the revocation period could run as long as 900 days. Jail time could be from 30 days to a year, and fine rates jump up to a possible $1,120.50 to $5,000 for a second-level offense.
Third offense: A third DUI within seven years will mean severe penalties regardless of what state your DUI is issued in. Possible penalties include the loss of driving privileges for up to three years, thousands of dollars in fines, and a minimum of 90 days in jail. Minimum fines could start as high as $1,970.50 and run up to $5,000. If convicted of a DUI with a .15% BAC, your license revocation could be for three years. If you’re found guilty of a third-level offense and your BAC was above .15%, the license revocation is four years.
Although we have outlined some basic knowledge and laws surrounding various types of DUIs and their consequences, it is best to consult a local DUI defense attorney to get the most accurate information for your unique situation and the state you live in.
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The Alhambra (/ælˈhæmbrə/ (listen), Spanish: [aˈlambɾa]; Arabic: الْحَمْرَاء, romanized: Al-Ḥamrāʾ, pronounced [alħamˈraːʔ], lit. '”The Red One”‘) is a palace and fortress complex located in Granada, Andalusia, Spain. It was originally constructed as a small fortress in AD 889 on the remains of Roman fortifications, and then largely ignored until its ruins were renovated and rebuilt in the mid-13th century by the Nasrid emir Mohammed ben Al-Ahmar of the Emirate of Granada, who built its current palace and walls with many beautiful, intricate details. It was converted into a royal palace in 1333 by Yusuf I, Sultan of Granada. After the conclusion of the Christian Reconquista in 1492, the site became the Royal Court of Ferdinand and Isabella (where Christopher Columbus received royal endorsement for his expedition), and the palaces were partially altered in the Renaissance style. In 1526 Charles I & V commissioned a new Renaissance palace better befitting the Holy Roman Emperor in the revolutionary Mannerist style influenced by humanist philosophy in direct juxtaposition with the Nasrid Andalusian architecture, but it was ultimately never completed due to Morisco rebellions in Granada.
Alhambra’s last flowering of Islamic palaces was built for the last Muslim emirs in Spain during the decline of the Nasrid dynasty, who were increasingly subject to the Christian Kings of Castile. After being allowed to fall into disrepair for centuries, the buildings occupied by squatters, Alhambra was rediscovered following the defeat of Napoleon, who had conducted retaliatory destruction of the site. The rediscoverers were first British intellectuals and then other north European Romantic travelers. It is now one of Spain’s major tourist attractions, exhibiting the country’s most significant and well-known Islamic architecture, together with 16th-century and later Christian building and garden interventions. The Alhambra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Moorish poets described it as “a pearl set in emeralds”, an allusion to the colour of its buildings and the woods around them. The palace complex was designed with the mountainous site in mind and many forms of technology were considered. The park (Alameda de la Alhambra), which is overgrown with wildflowers and grass in the spring, was planted by the Moors with roses, oranges, and myrtles; its most characteristic feature, however, is the dense wood of English elms brought by the Duke of Wellington in 1812. The park has a multitude of nightingales and is usually filled with the sound of running water from several fountains and cascades. These are supplied through a conduit 8 km (5.0 mi) long, which is connected with the Darro at the monastery of Jesus del Valle above Granada.
Despite long neglect, willful vandalism, and some ill-judged restoration, the Alhambra endures as an atypical example of Muslim art in its final European stages, relatively uninfluenced by the direct Byzantine influences found in the Mezquita of Córdoba. Most of the palace buildings are quadrangular in plan, with all the rooms opening on to a central court, and the whole reached its present size simply by the gradual addition of new quadrangles, designed on the same principle, though varying in dimensions, and connected with each other by smaller rooms and passages. Alhambra was extended by the different Muslim rulers who lived in the complex. However, each new section that was added followed the consistent theme of “paradise on earth”. Column arcades, fountains with running water, and reflecting pools were used to add to the aesthetic and functional complexity. In every case, the exterior was left plain and austere. Sun and wind were freely admitted. Blue, red, and a golden yellow, all somewhat faded through lapse of time and exposure, are the colors chiefly employed. The name Alhambra means the red one or the red castle, which refers to the sun-dried bricks that the outer wall is made of.
The decoration consists for the upper part of the walls, as a rule, of Arabic inscriptions—mostly poems by Ibn Zamrak and others praising the palace—that are manipulated into geometrical patterns with vegetal background set onto an arabesque setting (“Ataurique”). Much of this ornament is carved stucco (plaster) rather than stone. Tile mosaics (“alicatado”), with complicated mathematical patterns (“tracería”, most precisely “lacería”), are largely used as panelling for the lower part. Metal was also not present very mainly.[clarification needed] Similar designs are displayed on wooden ceilings (Alfarje). Muqarnas are the main elements for vaulting with stucco, and some of the most accomplished dome examples of this kind are in the Court of the Lions halls. The palace complex is designed in the Nasrid style, the last blooming of Islamic Art in the Iberian Peninsula, that had a great influence on the Maghreb to the present day, and on contemporary Mudejar Art, which is characteristic of western elements reinterpreted into Islamic forms and widely popular during the Reconquista in Spain.
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